No matter where in the world you grow food or what you grow, the keys to getting a successful crop from your garden are always the same.
Whether it’s the health of your soil or when the crop goes in, certain conditions must be met for your desired crop to come to fruition. Every crop, of course, has slightly different management—tomatoes, for instance, have different trellising needs than, say, broccoli—but the basic principles are the same. So let’s dive into the important factors that lead to a healthy crop to get this year’s garden growing right.
1) Preparing Fields- Growing acres of healthy crops requires a lot of advanced planning. Farmers start making decisions for planting in the fall by selecting the right seeds and preplan strategies for their farm. Adverse conditions like cold temps, pests and competitive weeds can challenge young seed growth so farmers get their fields in tip-top shape to minimize those obstacles. They often use sustainable strategies like soil sampling and cover crops to protect the fields during winter, capture nutrients and preserve the land.
2) The essence of a rich soil- Everyone must have heard about composting in the garden before. Gardeners make compost because of the importance of healthy soil to plants. A rich and healthy soil needs to have the right balance of nutrients and minerals to grow. Avoid using unnatural fertilizers, pest repellents, and weed killers. They will disrupt the natural process going on in the soil. If you ever have to deal with pests, weeds, and improving your soil, always do it the natural way. You’ll find vegetables grown in healthy and organic soil are healthy and rich as well. When growing plants from seeds, it is best to start them in compost or rich soil to boost growth
3) The Right Variety- Wherever you are and whenever you plan to grow the crop, find varieties that match your climate or at least your heat or cold. If you live in a colder climate, look for cold-hardy varieties. In hotter climates, or for summer crops, look for those slow to bolt or ones that can handle the heat—whatever your average heat might be.
4) Monitoring Crops- Today’s farmers are grounded in science and data. They know their fields better than ever. Once seedlings emerge, farmers use precision technology to monitor each acre and keep an eye on how their crops are doing. If the plants are low in nutrients or facing pressure from pests or weeds, they can deliver the right product, where it’s needed in precisely the right amount to reduce waste.
5) Pick A Sunny Location- Although there are plants that prefer shady areas, warmth and sunlight should still be present. The sun is essential to plant growth, only the amount needed in different plants varies. Most vegetables will need the sunlight to grow but sunlight can be intense, newest plants will need protection. Most annual flowering plants love the sun so much their blooms are intensified with the sun. Weeds love the sun too. So while you are on the lookout for your growing greenies, watch out for these pesky weeds. Get rid of them then and there before they outgrow your plants.